A periodontist is a dentist that specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment for periodontal disease. It’s also at the placement of dental implants. Periodontists are also specialists in the treatment of inflammation. Periodontists receive extensive instruction in these areas, such as 3 more years of education beyond dental school. 

We’re taught with the most recent techniques for treating and diagnosing periodontal disease. We are also trained in performing cosmetic periodontal procedures. Periodontists treat debatable periodontal cases, like those with gum disease or complex medical history. We offer a broad range of treatments, like scaling and root planing or root surface debridement. 
We’re also able to treat patients with serious gum problems with a wide range of procedures. Additionally, periodontists are trained in the placement, maintenance, and repair of dental implants. Throughout the initial visit, the periodontist generally reviews the patient’s total health and medical histories. 
It’s essential for the periodontist to know if any medications are being taken or if the patient is being treated for any condition which may affect periodontal care – like heart problems, diabetes mellitus, or pregnancy. The periodontist examines the gingiva, checks to see whether there’s a gum line recession, assesses how a tooth fit together when biting, and checks the tooth to see if any are not loose. 
The periodontist takes a measuring instrument called a probe and sets it between the gums and teeth to determine the depth of those areas, known as periodontal pockets, so this helps the periodontist test the health of the gums. X rays can also be taken to observe the health of the bone beneath the gum line. 
WHO SHOULD SEE A PERIODONTIST?
Some patients can be managed by a general dentist. Besides, as more patients are demonstrating signs of periodontal disease in combination with studies that suggest a relationship between periodontal disease along with other chronic diseases of aging. Periodontal treatment might need a higher understanding and increased degree of expertise by a professional. Patients that present with severe or moderate levels of periodontal disease patients with more complicated cases, will be best managed by a partnership between the dentist and periodontist.
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