The Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJ) can be a pain in the jaw joint that may be brought on by an assortment of issues. The TMJ connects the lower jaw to the skull in front of the ear. Facial muscles that control chewing gum can also be attached to the lower jaw. Issues in this area may cause neck and head pain, facial pain, ear pain, headache, a chin that’s locked in place or hard to open, issues with biting, and jaw clicking on or popping sounds whenever you bite. The temporomandibular joint syndrome is also referred to as the temporomandibular joint disorder.
More women than men have TMJ syndrome. The TMJ is comprised of muscles, blood vessels, nerves, and bones. You’ve two TMJs, one on either side of your jaw. Muscles close and open the mouth. The jawbone itself, controlled from the TMJ, has two motions: rotation or hinge action, which can be closing and opening of the mouth, and gliding action, a movement which allows the mouth to open wider. The co-ordination of the action also allows you to speak, chew, and yawn. If you put your fingers in front of the ears and open the mouth, you can feel the joint along with its movement.
Whenever you open your mouth, the rounded ends of your lower jaw slide along the articular base of the temporal bone. The condyles slide back to their original position whenever you close your mouth. To keep this motion smooth, a soft disc of cartilage is located between the condyle and the temporal bone. This disc absorbs shock to the temporomandibular joint from chewing along with other movements. Chewing creates strong power. This disc distributes the forces of chewing over through the joint space.