Cavity. That is the word no one desires to hear in the dentist’s office. A cavity develops when a tooth decays or breaks down. A cavity is a hole that may grow bigger and deeper with time. Cavities are also called dental caries, and whether you have a cavity, to get it repaired. But why would your tooth develop a hole? Blame plaque. That is a sticky, thin substance made up of germs that cause tooth decay. The bacteria in the mouth produce acids and once plaque clings to your tooth, the acids can eat away at the outermost layer of the tooth, called the enamel.
 
If you do not go to the dentist, the acids may continue to work their way throughout the enamel, and the inside portions of your tooth can start to decay. If you have ever had a toothache or heard an adult complain about one, it can be because there was a cavity that reached all the way inside a tooth, where the nerve endings. Ouch! Your dentist will examine your tooth and might take X rays. In case your dentist discovers a cavity, she or he can repair it for you by first removing the rotted part of your tooth with a special drill.
 
The dentist then fills the hole in your tooth with special material. The outcome is called a filling. Does it hurt? it does, but your dentist can give you an anesthetic. That is a type of medicine that will numb the area around the problem tooth while you are getting your new filling. Cavity Prevention Tips. Although cavities can be repaired, try to avoid them by taking care of your teeth. Here is how: Brush your tooth with fluoride toothpaste after each meal or at least two times a day. Bedtime is an essential time to brush. Brush down and up in a circular motion.
 
Brush your gingiva as well to keep them healthy. Floss your tooth once a day to remove plaque and food that is stuck between your teeth. Limit sweets and sugary drinks, such as soft drinks or juice. See your dentist every six months for regular checkups. We hope you hear these two wonderful words: No cavities!